Moabite | people | junkgenie.info
 The numbers given that describe Moab's tribute to Israel are possibly . of the relationship between Moab and its Israelite neighbors, a relationship that could. During the Iron Age, when Israel and Judah ruled Canaan, the kingdoms of Ammon, Moab and Edom ruled east of the Jordan River. They and. Moab and Ammon (children of Lot) constitute along with Edom and Israel relations with the mother-country of Mesopotamia, and moreover had greater internal.
In presence of these enemies the already fading distinction between the ruling and the subject nationality within the kingdom of Israel now completely disappeared ; and even towards the Cana,a,nites outside the relations of the kings became friendly. It is in one instance expressly stated that the common danger threatening from the East had to do with this 2 Sam. But, conversely, it was natural that Ammon and Moab should make common cause with the Aramaians ; such an attitude was suggested by geographical position and old connexions, but above all by their helpless fury against Israel.
Both nationalities must have succeeded in emancipating themselves very soon after David's death, and only now and then was some strong king of -Israel able again to impose the yoke for a time, not upon the Ammonites indeed, but upon Moab. The first to do so was Omri, who garrisoned a number of their towns and compelled the king to acknowledge Israel's suzerainty by a yearly tribute of sheep, - a state of matters which continued until the death of Abab ben Omri.
But when that brave king fell in battle with the Aram Bans at Ramoth Gilead about n. In his famous inscription be tells how, through the wrath of Chemosh, the land had fallen into the enemy's power and endured forty years of slavery, and how by the grace of Chemosh the yoke is now broken and the Israelites ignominiously driven off.
In the Bible we find only the curt statement that Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab 2 Kings i. Joram's invasion took place not from the north but probably very unexpectedly to the enemy from the frontier of Edom over the Wadi 1-Ahsa ; he marched through Judah and Edom, and the kings of those countries served as auxiliaries.
Ito defeated a Moabite army on the frontier, penetrated into the country and laid it waste ; he laid siege to the fortress of Kir-Moab so closely as to reduce it to great straits. But these straits seem to have filled the besieged with a desperate courage, for the fortunes of war suddenly changed.
The Israelites were compelled to retire homeward, a great wrath of Jehovah having conic upon them, that is, a severe disaster having befallen them, which is not described, but, from the nature of the case, must have been a sudden surprise and defeat by the enemy As the Moabites owed their liberation from Israelite supremacy to the battle of Ramah - that is, to the Aranneans - we accordingly find them as well as the Ammonites afterwards always seconding the AramaAns in continual border warfare against Gilead, in which they took cruel revenge on the Israelites.
With what bitterness the latter in consequence were wont to speak of their hostile kinsfolk can be gathered from Gen. Of these border wars we learn but little, although from casual notices it can be seen 2 Kings xiii. But when at length the danger from the Aramamns was removed for Israel by the intervention of the Assyrians, the hour of Moab's subjection also came ; Jeroboam II. Perhaps the song of Num.
A vivid picture of the confusion and anguish then prevalent in Moab has been preserved to us in the ancient prophecy of Isa. The Assyrians actually subjugated the Moabites, as well as the other small peoples of that region ; but the blow was apparently not so grave as Isaiah had predicted. They lay more out of the way than their western neighbours, and perhaps their resistance to the scourge of God was not so obstinate as to demand the sharpest measures.
What made it all the easier for them to reconcile themselves to the new situation was the fact that the Israelites suffered much more severely than they. From these their deadly enemies they were henceforth fer ever free. They did not on that account, however, give up their old hatred, but merely transferred it from Israel to Judah. The political annihilation of the nation only intensified in Jerusalem the belief in its religious prerogative, and against this belief the hostility of neighbours was aroused more keenly than ever.
The deepest offence at the religious exclusiveness of the people of Judaea, which then first began to manifest itself, was, as is easily understood, taken by their nearest relatives, Edom and Moab. They gave terrible expression to their feelings when the Chalcheans urged them on like uncaged beasts of prey against the rebellious Jews ; and they joined loudly in the general chorus of malignant joy which was raised over the burning of the temple and the ruin of the holy city. Behold the house of Judah is like all the other nations, therefore do I open his land to the Bne Kedem," says the prophet Ezekiel xxv.
His threat against the Moabites as well as against the Edomites and Ammonites is that they shall fall before the approach of the desert tribes. Probably in his day the tide of Arabian invasion was already slowly rising, and of course it had first to overtake the lands situated on the desert border.
At all events the Arab immigration into this quarter began at an earlier date than is usually supposed ; it continued for centuries, and was so gradual that the previously - introduced Aramcizing process could quietly go on alongside of it. The Edomites gave way before the pressure of the land-hungry nomads, and settled in the desolate country of Judah ; the children of Lot, on the other hand, appear to have amalgamated with them, - the Ammonites maintaining their individuality longer than the Aioabites, who soon entirely disappeared.
Israel and Moab had a common origin, and their early history was similar.
Moabites - Amazing Bible Timeline with World History
The people of Jehovah on the one hand, the people of Chemosh on the other, had the same idea of the Godhead as head of the nation, and a like patriotism derived from religious belief, - a patriotism capable of extraordinary efforts, and which has had no parallel in the West either in ancient or in modern times. The mechanism of the theocracy also had much that was common to both nations ; in both the king figures as the deity's representative, priests and prophets as the organs through whom he makes his communications.
But, with all this similarity, how different were the ultimate fates of the two The history of the one loses itself obscurely and fruitlessly in the sand ; that of the other issues iu eternity. One reason for the difference which, strangely enough, seems to have been felt not by the 'Israelites alone but by the Moabites also is obvious.
Israel received no gentle treatment at the hands of the world; it had to carry on a continual conflict with foreign influences and hostile powers. Moab meantime remained settled on his lees, and was not emptied from vessel to vessel Jer. This explanation, however, does not carry us far, for other peoples with fortunes as rude as those of Israel have yet failed to attain historical importance, but have simply disappeared.
The service the prophets rendered at a critical time, by raising the faith of Israel from the temporal to the eternal sphere, has already been spoken of in the article ISRAEL. The Berlin Jloabiticce are valueless, - Schlottmann himself, the unshaken champion of their genuineness, conceding that they are mere scribbling, and do not even form words, much less sentences.
The literature of the subject is to be found in the commentaries on the Old Testament books, and in those on the inscription of illesha. Mobile [next] [back] Mnemon Citing this material Please include a link to this page if you have found this material useful for research or writing a related article.
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The Regional Conflict between Israel, Judah, and Moab:
The medium by which ancient society documented conflict was with grand carvings or monumental structures. The stone is not the only primary source of the conflict. There is debate about whether or not the two sources are describing the same event or are portraying a series of events in a long conflict.
It is more likely that the Moabite Stone and 2 Kings 3 are describing the same series of events from a broad perspective, but the Moabite Stone is the conclusive statement about the termination of hostilities. Journey into areas surrounding the Dead Sea was a perilous adventure for the archaeologists exploring the Holy Land. Clermont-Ganneau, aware of the risks that travelling to the area presented, sent two proxies to inspect the stone for authenticity. He had cause to suspect that the stone was a fraud because the antiquities market at the time paid a high premium for artifacts.
This led to many forgeries being sold.
The Moabites: Cousins and Rivals of Ancient Israel » Mosaic
The second proxy that Clermont-Ganneau sent to inspect the Moabite Stone found it intact and made an impression of the artifact. Unfortunately, the stone was destroyed possibly due to the high demand and expected profits of selling it as smaller fragments or due to cultural hostilities. Moab was a pastoral society that bred sheep.
Its annual tribute, according to 2 Kings, waslambs and the wool oframs. They more likely are symbolic of the magnitude to which Moab was subordinate to Israel. The rebellion spurned the Kingdoms of Israel, Judah and Edom to form a military coalition against Moab.
The armies decided to invade Moab via a southern route that led through Edom. Dehydration and an absence of water caused the invasion force to seek YHWH through a prophet named Elisha.
Elisha informs the kings that their god will give them water and deliver Moab into their hands. A great flood washed through the lands and provided aid to the thirsty soldiers. Moab and Israel, c. The biblical verse tells that Mesha sacrificed his first born son as a burnt offering that spurned the wrath of either the Israelite god, YHWH, or the Moabite deity, Chemosh. The biblical text is ambiguous about what wrath they suffered.
- Notebook: The Enemies of Israel (3)
- The Moabites: Cousins and Rivals of Ancient Israel
Authors of the text would have likely edited out any reference to the regional god, Chemosh, having demonstrated an effective display of power at par with YHWH. It is likely Mesha would have tried to puncture through the weakest units on the battlefield. The tribute state of Edom would have been the least militarily powerful and likely staffed by less provisioned and motivated soldiers.
If the counterattack reached the reserve units where the son of the Edomite King was leading his troops from the front, the commander could have been captured by Moab. This same person could have been the human sacrifice that 2 Kings 3 references. Edom was the logistical support base of the invasion force. If Edom withdrew, it would force Israel and Judah to abandon the invasion and withdraw their forces.
Weak political will is hardly at par with divine wrath, but with the vague description offered by biblical authors, contemporary scholars must speculate and find alternative explanations to account for the abrupt end of an otherwise successful campaign. Rather, it is more likely that he would sacrifice to the Moabite god. A royal inscription commissioned by Mesha of Moab tells a selective history of the events. Moab united with the Ammonites and Mineans for the campaign, but internal conflict destroyed the political union before they could engage in battle.
It is difficult to establish a definitive timeline of events. Both the correlation between the Moabite Stone and 2 Kings 3 and the chronology of events on the Moabite Stone are difficult to quantify. The two documents were written describing the long-term conflict the two nations experienced. The Moabite Stone has plausibility as the final word on the matter.