Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome) (for Parents)
AHT is also called shaken baby syndrome (or SBS), inflicted traumatic brain injury, the first sign of a problem isn't noticed until the child enters the school system But by that time, it's harder to link these problems to a shaking incident from. Learn about the symptoms of a shaken baby syndrome diagnosis from experts at Brain damage; Blindness; Hearing loss; Speech and learning disorders. Shaken Baby Syndrome Education: A Role for Nurse Practitioners Working With Families . Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), a form of child abuse resulting from the A.N. Infantile subdural haematoma and its relationship to whiplash injuries.
A closed brain injury is caused by a rapid forward or backward movement and shaking of the brain inside the bony skull that results in bruising and tearing of brain tissue and blood vessels.
Closed brain injuries are usually caused by car accidents, falls, and increasingly, in sports. Shaking a baby can also result in this type of injury called shaken baby syndrome.
- Joint statement on Shaken Baby Syndrome
- Course Modules
- Shaken Baby Syndrome
What is diffuse axonal injury DAI? Diffuse axonal injury is the tearing of the brain's long connecting nerve fibers axons that happens when the brain is injured as it shifts and rotates inside the bony skull. DAI usually causes coma and injury to many different parts of the brain.Never Shake a Baby - Phoenix Children's Hospital
What is primary and secondary brain injury? Primary brain injury refers to the sudden and profound injury to the brain that is considered to be more or less complete at the time of impact.
Joint statement on Shaken Baby Syndrome
Swaddling wrapping the baby in a blanket like a "burrrito" to help him or her feel more secure. Hips and knees should be slightly bent and turned out. Swinging gently rocking in a chair, using an infant swing, or taking a car ride to help duplicate the constant motion the baby felt in the womb.
If a baby in your care won't stop crying, you can also try the following: Make sure the baby's basic needs are met for example, he or she isn't hungry and doesn't need to be changed. Check for signs of illness, like fever or swollen gums. Rock or walk with the baby. Sing or talk to the baby.
Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome)
Offer the baby a pacifier or a noisy toy. Take the baby for a ride in a stroller or strapped into a child safety seat in the car. Hold the baby close against your body and breathe calmly and slowly. Give the baby a warm bath. Pat or rub the baby's back. Call a friend or relative for support or to take care of the baby while you take a break. If nothing else works, put the baby on his or her back in the crib, close the door, and check on the baby in 10 minutes.
Call your doctor if nothing seems to be helping the baby, in case there is a medical reason for the fussiness. Subtle symptoms which may be the result of shaken baby syndrome are often attributed to mild viral illnesses, feeding dysfunction or infant colic.
These include a history of poor feeding, vomiting or flu-like symptoms with no accompanying fever or diarrhea, lethargy and irritability over a period of time.
Shaken Baby Syndrome | Cleveland Clinic
Often the visit to the medical facility does not occur immediately after the initial injury. Without early medical intervention, the child may be at risk for further damage or even death, depending on the continued occurrences of shaking.
How many children are affected by shaken baby syndrome? The true incidence is not known, but estimates range from an annual figure as low as cases per year in the United States to as high as Head trauma is the most frequent cause of permanent damage or death among abused infants and children, and shaking accounts for a significant number of those cases Showers, The victims of shaken baby syndrome range in age from a few days to five years but most often involve children younger than 2 years of age American Academy of Pediatrics, Who is responsible for shaking babies?
While shaken baby abuse is not limited to any special group of people, males tend to predominate as perpetrators in 65 to 90 percent of cases. Females who injure babies by shaking them are more likely to be baby-sitters or child care providers than mothers Showers, The adult shaker also may be jealous of the attention which the child receives from his or her partner.
What happens to a child who has been severely shaken? Immediate medical attention can help reduce the impact of shaking, but many children are left with permanent damage from the shaking.
The remaining victims exhibit a variety of disabilities, including partial or complete loss of vision, hearing impairments, seizure disorders, cerebral palsy, sucking and swallowing disorders, developmental disabilities, autism, cognitive impairments, behavior problems and permanent vegetative state. The treatment of survivors falls into three major categories: In addition to medical care, children may need speech and language therapy, vision therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy and special education services.
Some may need the assistance of feeding experts and behavioral consultants Showers, What will it take to solve the problem of shaken baby syndrome? John Caffey who first described shaken baby syndrome in called for a massive public education program to describe the dangers of shaking infants.
Some experts believe that shaking is primarily the result of anger felt by an adult, combined with a loss of impulse control, and that the perpetrator is aware of the potential harm to the child.