Relationship between applied research and basic questions

5 Significant Differences Between Basic and Applied Research

relationship between applied research and basic questions

answered a question related to Applied Research Basic/Applied Research: Are we striking a balance between these models? . please refer to this link.. it contains many valuable resource to search a good reputation journals in all fields . overheard in discussions about applied social science: (a) There is no difference between applied research and basic/pure/traditional research. (b) The. Basic (aka fundamental or pure) research is driven by a scientist's curiosity or interest in a scientific question. The main motivation is to expand man's knowledge.

In finer terms, it is the research that can be applied to real-life situations.

relationship between applied research and basic questions

It studies a particular set of circumstances, so as to relate the results to its corresponding circumstances. Applied research includes research that focuses on certain conclusions experiencing a business problem.

relationship between applied research and basic questions

Moreover, research that is aligned towards ascertaining social, economic or political trends are also termed as applied research.

Key Differences Between Basic and Applied Research The points given below explain the differences between basic and applied research: Basic Research can be explained as research that tries to expand the already existing scientific knowledge base. On the contrary, applied research is used to mean the scientific study that is helpful in solving real-life problems. While basic research is purely theoretical, applied research has a practical approach.

While there are many cases in which this has happened, it is also easy to find examples of advances in technology which have led to advances in basic science, such as that given by George Porter Nobel Laureate in Chemistry who pointed out that "Thermodynamics owes more to the steam engine than the steam engine owes to science". Unfortunately, such examples have led some people to advocate an anti-linear model. For example, Terence Kealey has recently written a book ref.

He points out correctly that the development of steam power, metallurgic techniques and textile mills which drove the start of the industrial revolution in England were based on scientific understanding and mechanical engineering principles dating from before the 17th century, and owed nothing to the 17th century scientific revolution Newtonian mechanics, calculus, etc.

This is true, but it is certainly not true of many later industrial developments, as I hope the examples that I shall give later will demonstrate.

So the connection of science and technology is neither linear nor anti- linear, but in fact highly non-linear, and it has been claimed ref. I do not like the terms basic and applied science: However, these terms can be useful provided they are defined in terms of motivation: Applied research transparently reflects a set of value judgments. There is a difference between using persuasion theory to encourage teenagers to stay in school versus encouraging them to start smoking.

Difference Between Basic and Applied Research

It is nice to be able to fall back on the argument that basic research is value neutral and that there is a pure science in the form of an uncontaminated quest for knowledge. Nice, but in my opinion, dead wrong. If basic research were value neutral, would we even need ethical review panels?

relationship between applied research and basic questions

The use of nonhuman animals in research often reflects the judgment that human welfare is more important than animal welfare we do things to animals we would never do to people.

Especially important, again in my opinion, is the role of positive values in basic research.

Basic vs. Applied Research

These values are reflected in the questions we choose to ask or not askhow we choose to ask them, who we choose to study or not studyand who conducts the research. Although I labeled these as positive values, they become potential negatives when we fail to ask relevant questions, ask them in ways that favor one group over another, and prize ownership of science over openness.

relationship between applied research and basic questions

Frequently, the values in play are cultural values, values that may be different in other cultures and contexts. To be specific, currently under discussion at NSF see www. Footnotes [1] In this card game, the dealer shows the player a card then places it face down next to two other cards.

The dealer mixes the cards around then asks the player to pick one. If the player picks the original card, he or she wins, but the dealer can employ a number of tricks such as swapping cards to keep the player from choosing the right card. In response to this feedback, the task force charged with developing these standards is currently rethinking and revising them.