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Photos taken during filming with the Janjaweed in South Darfur for Channel 4 in February After a hazardous journey reporter Nima Elbagir and producer Andrew Carter gain unprecedented access to the Janjaweed, the Arab militia. This report comes from Darfur, where the team secured unprecedented access to a key Arab armed group accused of being part of the infamous Janjaweed.
The army saw everything. I buried twenty-three people. But the Janjaweed returned after four days,"  said Ahmad. The Bareh area, east of Geneina: Village leaders said the villages had huts in all - 80,and respectively and suffered twenty-three, thirty-five and fifty-three dead respectively.
The dead included twenty-three women and a one hundred-year-old man, Barra Younis, from Terchana. The joint forces surrounded the village and killed fifty-two people as they were running away. They took the cattle and burned all the village. They took some food for their horses and burned the rest. Helicopters came when we were burying the bodies, right after the attack. They were flying low. We could see the pilot. He was only wearing a vest. He killed a woman seventy-year-old Mariam Abdul Qadar and a horse.
The Janjaweed were wearing uniforms, with stripes on the shoulders. The Arab nomads never came with cars and helicopters. This is not Arab nomads. This is the government. We had a self-defense unit, but when we saw the cars we said 'This is the government' and we ran. The government doesn't like black people. We didn't complain to the police.
The police are near us in Kreinik and did nothing. We all left the village and went to Geneina and Chad. Habila Canare, twenty-five kilometers east of El Geneina: An hour later, according to eyewitnesses, three helicopter gunships landed in the village and soldiers got out.
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Then the soldiers and Janjaweed who had been waiting outside the village came in. They were wearing identical uniforms but for the fact that the soldiers' were a darker shade of green. The attack left approximately fifty people dead - including fifteen women, ten children and a Masalit policeman in a population estimated approximately seventy-three huts.
Some were killed as they were running away; some were shot dead inside their huts. The attackers took all the guns from the police station and also its zinc roof. The Janjaweed took the cattle and left.
The soldiers then burned the village. Kondoli, in the Misterei area: One witness, Nureddine, a twenty-eight-year-old former policeman, said they came from Geneina, in nine army cars, and brought their own food. They patrolled by themselves in the bush for a week.
Kondoli, with huts, had a population of about 1, people. Yayha, a thirty-two-year-old farmer, said army and Janjaweed had moved into the village the previous day, December We don't want to hurt you. We are the government. We are coming to save you. The next day they attacked Kondoli, shooting a three-year-old child at point blank range, while making racial epithets: They came into Kondoli saying: So they shot him. He was called Maji Gumr Zahkariah and he was three years old. We can't go back at night to get food because Janjaweed are on the road.
Villagers interviewed separately said about villagers were killed in twenty-four hours. They said two helicopter gunships rocketed the area before ground forces arrived. They were flying so low that people in the largest village, Nouri Jallo, could see the pilot. Mohammed said, the attackers burned the village and killed seventy-five people including five women.
We were armed by Sudan, say Darfur killers
The attackers made off with the zinc roof off the village school. In Nouri Heglig, where there were sixty-four huts, the attack began at 7: Feisal, a twenty-seven-year-old farmer, said that the army and the Janjaweed all wore the same uniforms when they entered the village: The army was in Land Cruisers and the Janjaweed on horses and camels. The Janjaweed entered the village first, followed by the cars. They were shooting indiscriminately.
They went into tukls [huts] and killed people who were hiding under their beds. Not a single tukl was left. The people only had time to cover the bodies with grass because of the heat. The soldiers and the Janjaweed burned the bodies"  The Nouri area was attacked a second time, on February 10, People had returned to the area because they had been told by local government officials in Murnei and Sissi that they should.
We formed a self-defense group in and a lot of them were killed on that day. Most had only Kalashnikovs [assault rifles].
They had no link to the SLA. The SLAforces are very far away. The SLA doesn't put soldiers in the villages. They don't have enough. On the first occasion, in Decemberpeople were awake and fought the attackers off. On the second, in Januarypeople were asleep when Janjaweed and armyLand Cruisers approached, at dawn, from two directions from the east and from the west - and soldiers began shooting with heavy weapons including rocket-propelled grenades.
Fifty-seven people including the village imam were reported killed in a population of about 3, huts. So many children were killed. On the same day they burned Buranga. They looted but did not burn Suju. Sildi, south-east of Geneina: Abdul, a forty-two-year-old farmer, said two Antonovs bombed first, destroying two huts and sending women and children running for shelter in the hills.
Twelve were killed in the village, then it was burned.
Some were killed point-blank. They killed twelve people including two women. The women were Asha Adam, sixty, who was killed in her home, and Arba Mohammed, forty. She was told to bring the water for the soldiers, but refused.
The Janjaweed killed her. They burned all the village and we came to Chad. This witness could tell the difference between the Janjaweed and the army soldiers only because of insignia on the uniforms. The Janjaweed have a horse on their pockets and the soldiers don't. The leader of the Janjaweed has stripes on his shoulders, just as they do in the army.
Tunfuka, south of Murnei: Izhaq, a twenty-four-year-old farmer, saidtwo Antonovs bombed for an hour and killed eight people - including three men, three children and two old women. He said seven camels and thirteen cows were killed, and the village began to burn. Then seven armyLand Cruisers came. The Janjaweed arrived an hour later. They burned the village, rounded up the cattle and shot people who were running away. They killed eighteen people. Then the Janjaweed left with the cattle followed by the government.
The Janjaweed were shouting: He had a pistol and a beige car. It was the same as the army's cars except army cars are green. He got out of his car and was giving orders to the soldiers and the Janjaweed. He left with the soldiers. Two government cars went first, then Sheneibat, then another car.
Most women and children managed to leave the village before the Janjaweed arrived. They were warned of the approach, according to forty-two-year-old Kaltoum, but the Janjaweed went looking for them where they were hiding in the mountains: We were told by someone in Murnei that the Janjaweed were coming, so we left the village and ran to the mountains. Only the Janjaweed burned the village. But after that the Janjaweed came with the armylooking for civilians in the mountains about a mile away.
The army had cars. Some of them were on foot. Fifteen people including seven women and six children were reportedly killed outside the village some of them targeted and then shot in cold blood. Three other children hiding with him were injured at the same time: I was in a valley near the mountains. I saw many Janjaweed and soldiers coming. They shot me from that far gesturing to a tree about twenty yards away and I fell down.
They saw me and aimed at me. I was hiding behind that tree with three other children Yassin twelveManyo nine ; and Fatima seven. I saw them all fall down [injured]. I saw three people dead in that valley, including a woman - Gaisma Mohammed Yousif eighteen.
They were certainly close enough to see that he was not a full-grown man. There are no Tora Bora in Tullus. The three other children were taken by their families to the town of Murnei. In the words of Hussein: The village headman, Abdullah, forty-nine, said these forces killed thirty-one people  including old men and women and five members of the SLA who arrived to try to defend the village two hours after the attack began. The attack was done by some Janjaweed on horses and camels, accompanied by four government cars three Land Cruisers carrying soldiers and a Renault for logistics [ammunition].
The attackers burned the police station too. From beginning to end, the fighting lasted for eleven hours. The army burned houses, stole 1, cattle, stole some grain and burned the rest. They stole our horses and used them for burning, stealing and killing.
They hit women  In addition to hitting women, the attackers burned one of two mosques and tore up the Qorans in both, according to the headman. Millebeeda village and area, south-west of Geneina: But he quoted villagers as saying "they all wore one uniform". He said thirty-one villagers were killed including four women, three children and a Masalit rebel fighter, twenty-seven-year-old Ibrahim Ismael. A villager who witnessed the attack, thirty-year-old Bukhari.
I saw my uncle Arbar, forty-five, leave his house, unarmed, and run away. They shot him from yards. He had four children. Then the police began to resist - there were only seven or eight of them, but they were all Africans - and I succeeded in escaping with my wife and two-year-old son.
The men were killed on the same day in different places nine Fur chiefs in prisons in Mugjir and Garsila, where they had been taken a week earlier,  seventy-one captured Fur men in a valley south of Deleig, and another sixty-five captured men in a valley in the Mugjir area west of Deleig.
Witnesses said the government and Janjaweed were singling out men displaced from villages that had been previously burned with special emphasis on the Zamey area south of Deleig. The mass executions in Wadi Salih, one of the gateways to the SLA's headquarters in the Jebel Marra mountains, may have been in retaliation for an SLA attack on government troops in the Mugjir area of the province a month earlier, on February 1, in which the SLA says it killed more than one hundred government soldiers.
A survivor of one of the mass killings, a farmer who was shot in the back rather than the neck, told a neighbor that the arrested men were taken, in army trucks and cars, to a valley a few miles south of Deleig. Kwoshib reportedly established a Janjaweed base in Garsila in July and, after being given 1, automatic rifles by the army, burned a large area of Wadi Salih.
If they were displaced they took them to the police station. They killed seventy-one men there that eveningIt happened in Mugjur just like it happened in Deleig. They took them to the hills and killed them there," he said. SLA forces looted the police station of ammunition and machine guns, killed two people including an Arab detainee in the police station and abducted a businessman. Within a week, police came to Bindisi and a nearby village called Kudung in the early morning and told the population that the "Janjaweed were coming but that nobody should clash with them and all should remain in their houses.
Hamdan produced his snakeskin wallet and took out a Sudanese army identity card. One of his followers, whom he described as his chief of staff, also produced one. Each contained the Arabic words: Hamdan rejected the label Janjaweed, which translates as "devils on horseback" for the mounted raids typical of the militia. He does not deny that other Arab fighters committed atrocities in Darfur, only his own guilt.
The African Union, an alliance of all 53 countries on the continent, has sent a team of observers to Darfur. According to one of their reports, Hamdan was one of three Janjaweed commanders who led an attack on the village of Adwah on Nov 30,in which women were beaten and raped and more than people killed. Now that Hamdan has disclosed his relationship with the regime, the central question is whether Khartoum will maintain its bluster and denial.
Meet the Janjaweed will be shown on Friday at 7. Below is the press release about the film: He claims he was given direct orders by President Omar Al Basheer in face to face meetings and armed with heavy artillery — much of it Chinese-made — by Khartoum. But he denies he and his men are responsible for the reported atrocities and others in his group blame them on a group of opportunistic bandits.
The programme, Meet the Janjaweed tx: Hamdan granted the team permission to film freely with his men over a period of a few days. The Sudanese Government has continually denied any links between itself and Janjaweed militias in Darfur, but Hamdan told Unreported World that his men were effectively a regiment of the Sudanese army and had received weaponry from Khartoum as far back as Hamdan told the programme: There were two places that had fallen to the rebels - Um Sidir and Kiryari [on the Chadian border] and after they fell, they called upon us — of course as part of the army — that we should go to the Northern areas.
We asked for the [additional] hardware that you now see with us. And they provided us with cars and weaponry and we moved to the Northern area. This was in September