Baltic Sea - Wikipedia
Skagen is Denmark's northernmost town, on the east coast of the Skagen Odde peninsula in .. At the headland at Grenen, the northernmost point of Denmark, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea meet. .. Norsk · Norsk nynorsk · Polski · Português · Română · Русский · Shqip · Suomi · Svenska · Українська · Tiếng Việt · 中文. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. .. An underwater ridge, the Lomonosov Ridge, divides the deep sea North Polar Basin into two oceanic basins: the Eurasian Basin, which is between 4, and. The Norwegian Sea (Norwegian: Norskehavet) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean, northwest . Four major water masses originating in the Atlantic and Arctic oceans meet in the Norwegian Sea, and the The current flowing from the North Sea originates in the Baltic Sea and thus collects most of the drainage from .
The origin of the latter name is speculative and it was adopted into Slavic and Finnic languages spoken around the sea, very likely due to the role of Medieval Latin in cartography. It might be connected to the Germanic word belt, a name used for two of the Danish straits, the Beltswhile others claim it to be directly derived from the source of the Germanic word, Latin balteus "belt". He might also have been influenced by the name of a legendary island mentioned in the Natural History of Pliny the Elder.
Pliny mentions an island named Baltia or Balcia with reference to accounts of Pytheas and Xenophon. Baltia also might be derived from belt and mean "near belt of sea, strait. On this basis, a related hypothesis holds that the name originated from this Indo-European root via a Baltic language such as Lithuanian. Yet another explanation is that the name originally meant "enclosed sea, bay" as opposed to open sea.
In the Middle Ages the sea was known by a variety of names. The name Baltic Sea became dominant only after Usage of Baltic and similar terms to denote the region east of the sea started only in 19th century.
The Suebi eventually migrated southwest to reside for a while in the Rhineland area of modern Germany, where their name survives in the historic region known as Swabia.
Jordanes called it the Germanic Sea in his work, the Getica. Later, the Norse fought for control of the Baltic against Wendish tribes dwelling on the southern shore. The Norse also used the rivers of Russia for trade routes, finding their way eventually to the Black Sea and southern Russia. This Norse-dominated period is referred to as the Viking Age. Saxo Grammaticus recorded in Gesta Danorum an older name, Gandvik-vik being Old Norse for "bay", which implies that the Vikings correctly regarded it as an inlet of the sea.
Another form of the name, "Grandvik", attested in at least one English translation of Gesta Danorum, is likely to be a misspelling. In addition to fish the sea also provides amberespecially from its southern shores within today's borders of PolandRussia and Lithuania.
First mentions of amber deposits on the South coast of the Baltic Sea date back to the 12th century. Sweden had from early medieval times exported iron and silver mined there, while Poland had and still has extensive salt mines.
Thus the Baltic Sea has long been crossed by much merchant shipping. The lands on the Baltic's eastern shore were among the last in Europe to be converted to Christianity. Arctic shelves[ edit ] The ocean's Arctic shelf comprises a number of continental shelvesincluding the Canadian Arctic shelf, underlying the Canadian Arctic Archipelagoand the Russian continental shelfwhich is sometimes simply called the "Arctic Shelf" because it is greater in extent. Of these three, the Siberian Shelf is the largest such shelf in the world.
The whole area is subject to international territorial claims. Underwater features[ edit ] An underwater ridgethe Lomonosov Ridgedivides the deep sea North Polar Basin into two oceanic basins: The bathymetry of the ocean bottom is marked by fault block ridges, abyssal plainsocean deepsand basins.
Water flow[ edit ] Distribution of the major water mass in the Arctic Ocean.
Gulf of Alaska - Wikipedia
The section sketches the different water masses along a vertical section from Bering Strait over the geographic North Pole to Fram Strait. As the stratification is stable, deeper water masses are more dense than the layers above. Profiles of temperature and salinity for the Amundsen Basin, the Canadian Basin and the Greenland Sea are sketched in this cartoon.
It remains relatively stable, because the salinity effect on density is bigger than the temperature effect. It is fed by the freshwater input of the big Siberian and Canadian streams ObYeniseiLenaMackenziethe water of which quasi floats on the saltier, denser, deeper ocean water.
Between this lower salinity layer and the bulk of the ocean lies the so-called haloclinein which both salinity and temperature are rising with increasing depth.
A copepod Because of its relative isolation from other oceans, the Arctic Ocean has a uniquely complex system of water flow. Mean surface circulation is predominately cyclonic on the Eurasian side and anticyclonic in the Canadian Basin. Skagen also has the country's main herring processing facility and the world's largest fish oil factory. The town's evolving fishing industry led to considerable growth in the local population which reached some 11, in the s. A fish auction is held at dawn in the harbour, and between May and October the harbour also attracts yachting enthusiasts.
Skagen - Wikipedia
Initially attracted by its associations with the Skagen Painters, well-to-do visitors sought to benefit from its special light, colour and its fishermen. Their interest led to new hotels, summer houses and expensive villas. The old fishing village was transformed into a miniature city with fine streets lined with boutiques.
From the s, it became increasingly fashionable for the upper-classes to spend their summers in Skagen. Thanks to the town's growing reputation, sailing enthusiasts from Norway, Sweden and Denmark are now also among its frequent visitors. The quality brand name of Skagen has spread far afield, resulting in the establishment of the successful American watch company Skagen Designs which "set out to create a design driven company centred around the welcoming spirit of the city".